Cows milk protein allergy
Eczema? Reflux? Constipation? Diarrhea? Crying? Do you suspect that your child has a food allergy? Cow’s milk protein allergy is one of the most common food allergies in the first year of life.

Food allergy or non-allergic food hypersensitivity?


Food allergies and non-allergic food hypersensitivities in babies and young children can present a real challenge. Until a diagnosis is reached, the process for parents, children and healthcare professionals can be a long and stressful one. 

Non-allergic food hypersensitivities, such as intolerances, arise because the body is unable to digest or reacts to certain naturally occurring component of foods, i.e., lactose or fructose, or, less commonly, food colouring, additives or preservatives. Non-allergic food hypersensitivities do not involve the immune system and are much more common than food allergies. 

Food allergies arise due to the body’s immune system reacting to certain, normally harmless, allergy-triggering substances (allergens) in food. These allergens are almost always proteins. Proteins are one of the essential nutrients that make up the body, together with vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and fat. Other components in food, such as lactose and sugar, do not act as allergens.

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45% to 50% of children 

outgrow CMPA at 1 year, 


60 to 75% at 2 years and 


85 to 90% at 3 years. 


Source: Koletzko S et al. Diagnostic approach and management of cow's-milk protein allergy in infants and children: ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012;55(2):221-9.

CMPA peaks in the first year of life, occurring in up to 3% of infants.


It falls to less than 1% in children 6 years of age and older.


Source: Koletzko S et al. Diagnostic approach and management of cow's-milk protein allergy in infants and children: ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012;55(2):221-9.

In rare cases breastfed babies can develop the symptoms of CMPA.


In such cases it may suffice for breastfeeding mothers to abstain from dairy products.



Source: Prescott SLet al. A global survey of changing patterns of food allergy burden in children. World Allergy Orgen J. 2013: 6(1): 21.

Food allergies are on the rise with a large increase seen in the last 10 years.

Food allergy in babies has reached 10% in some industrialized regions. 


Source: Vandenplas Y et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of cow’s milk protein allergy in infants. Arch Dis Child. 2007 Oct: 92 (10): 902-908.



SYMPTOM ASSESSMENT TOOL

Are you concerned with cow’s milk protein allergy? To prepare for your next health visit and help your doctor make a correct diagnosis, download the symptom checklist today.



SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF COW’S MILK PROTEIN ALLERGY

The signs and symptoms linked with cow's milk protein allergy, ranging from colic and reflux to constipation, diarrhea and crying, make diagnosis a real challenge. 



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FOOD ALLERGY OR NON-ALLERGIC FOOD HYPERSENSITIVITY?

Food allergies and non-allergic food hypersensitivities in babies and young children can present a real challenge. Until a diagnosis is reached, the process for parents, children and healthcare professionals can be a long and stressful one.
Read more...